The collection of methods that sailors used to find their way across seas that seemed to stretch into infinity is called celestial navigation and it is still quite accurate.
Modern technology is easier to learn, but celestial navigation can guide you across the seas if you are able to master it. This is not an easy thing to master, but it can be both fun and impressive. In the drastic case of broken or washed-overboard equipment, it could be quite useful. This is its main advantage: it needs nothing electronic, so you can do it regardless of battery life or presence of electricity. The real disadvantage is that you cannot use methods of celestial navigation when the skies are cloudy, as you need to be able to see the stars or sun in order to use it.
Below is an introduction to celestial navigation, so you can begin to understand what it is all about. Keep in mind, however, that this tutorial is only a basic guide, and those wishing to learn the process to the fullest should look at the various tutorials, classes, and books available on the subject. Celestial navigation pinpoints location through two key pieces of information. The first is the position of the star or heavenly body on which the observer is focused.
The second is the angle between the horizon and the star. Think of it like a triangle. In order to find these pieces of information, you need some special equipment and some time on your hands. Be aware: this method involves fairly complex mathematics, which are not explained here — just the general steps.
Step one: Celestial navigation has to be done at precise times, especially if you are going to be using a star for your calculations. There are fifty-seven navigational stars in the navigational almanac, in addition to the sun and the moon. If you are going to be shooting a star as finding its position is called , you need to do so at the precise time of day when the horizon line and the stars are both visible. You can find the position of the star with a starfinding website or program, of which several are available.
Step two: Once you have found the position of the heavenly body you are going to use for your calculations, use your sextant to measure the angle between yourself and the heavenly body. Step three: After this is done, you have to correct your measurements for variables such as the height above the horizon line. After you make the corrections, you will have the observed altitude of the heavenly body. Step four: Now go to the Nautical Almanac.
This source will have data for the star or other celestial navigation point, and it will have the calculated altitude of the body against the locations. If your own calculation is off, you need to adjust your position by the number of miles which it is different.
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Step five: Enter in the information for sight reduction the term for information derived to establish a line of position. All of this information can be found either from your own calculations or in the Nautical Almanac. Two lines will give you your exact position. These lines form a broad-strokes picture of celestial navigation, which should give you a basic overview of how it works. To learn more, take a look at the section below.
This guide is only an overview of the basics.
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This upkeep cost means that players should refrain from constructing large numbers of Starbases unless they can afford it, lest they risk running into energy shortages. The starting influence income for default empires normally allows for the placement of one or two outposts without encountering resource issues. Outposts work best when they can "capture" systems with abundant resources or colonizable planets.
Research deposits are also especially appealing locations. Players are likely to find at least one mineral rich system lying outside of their borders, an excellent location for a first outpost. For players who enjoy the prospect of colonizing multiple worlds over the course of the game, traditions from the Expansion tree will prove useful. The tree contains traditions to ease the economic and time burdens incurred by colonization and construction of frontier outposts.
The Prosperity tree on the other hand can be helpful for economy management as it contains traditions that reduce the construction and upkeep costs for ships, starbases, buildings and robots. Colonizing a planet takes quite a bit of resources to do and all subsequent development even more so.
Each planet in the galaxy has a specific climate determining the habitability of an empire's species and a size value anywhere between 10 and 25 which, along with planetary features, dictates the maximum number of districts it can support. Planets can also occasionally have modifiers on them that can affect the colonists and their productivity.
Step 2: Celestial Pact Warlock
To colonize a planet, empires must first construct a colony ship at a Starbase that has a Shipyard. Depending on the empire's government type Colony ships will have a differing build cost and typically take a year to build. Once built, the colony ship then needs to fly to a habitable planet in a star system with at least an outpost, land, and then take another year establishing a foothold on the planet.
Colonization is expensive on multiple fronts and thus players should plan ahead on when and where to expand their empire. After habitability and availability, planets with a size of at least 16 are typically good colony candidates, although strategic considerations should also be taken into account -- e. Since starbases can be built up to serve as powerful defensive emplacements in the early game, warmongering players could build an outpost near a potential enemy's borders, set up a colony, build up the system's starbase and then use said starbase and the colony as a forward base for their operations.
While this ensures that no empire gets doomed out of the gate with their spawn location, if multiple empires with similar homeworlds happen to spawn in the same cluster as each other, losing the opening "land grab" can severely hamper an empire's midgame performance and conversely, stealing another empire's starting habitable worlds will make them much weaker. Scouting early and building the first outpost in a timely manner will usually suffice to keep players from losing out too much in this respect unless, of course, they plan to take planets by force.
Basic resources are global assets shared throughout the empire and can be viewed at the top of the screen at all times. With the exception of research, all resources have an upper limit on how much the empire can have stockpiled of that resource at a time. The amount of resource will be displayed in yellow if it is at capacity, and any further gains to that resource are usually forfeit until the level comes down. There are numerous resources in the game, below are the more common:. Additionally, there are multiple Advanced Strategic Resources that can be found, mined, or produced in some way or another.
After researching the technology to identify and locate these resources, empires may acquire them to receive valuable bonuses. Resources on uncolonizable objects can be harvested through mining stations for energy credits and minerals or research stations for research. When it comes to producing resources planet-side, this is accomplished by building an appropriate district or constructing a building.
Every District and Building generates Jobs which, once filled by an eligible pop, will produce resources.
What Is Celestial Navigation?
The amount of districts as well as the number of different district types a planet can support depends on what planetary features and modifiers the planet has. One planet might have planetary modifiers that give it the ability to support a large amount of Generator Districts while another planet might have the potential to become a very lucrative Mining Planet. See the Planetary management article for more details. Most of the player's early game decisions will be limited by the amount of resources they have and can produce. A player's citizens on your planets are referred to as "Pops" i.
Population units and are most important in determining the output of your planet s. Players should prioritize growing Pops and expanding in the early game to maximize Pops thus maximizing resources gathered and gained. Additionally, players looking to build tall i. Once the basic needs of the empire are met, the next goal for the player is to increase their overall production across all basic resources.
Some players will find this task is easily handled by specializing their planets in one or two specific resources each. Various technologies can improve the overall output of any resource so players are encouraged to research these when needed. Players should strive to keep their research incomes as balanced as possible across all three fields to ensure no tech research lags behind the others unless the player has a specific goal or playstyle in mind.
To achieve this goal, players may construct research labs on planets, that will create research jobs for pops. Later in the game, the player may decide to specialize in one of the fields to rush appealing technologies for their empire, but for the early and midgame, a balanced load across all fields will keep options open for the late game. Unity generation can be maximized by ensuring the appropriate buildings are on each planet in the empire and that there are plenty of pops working Jobs that generate Unity. This will help counteract the higher costs for leader, research, and traditions incurred for going above the Administrative Capacity.
Capital buildings, Unity buildings, and a number of planetary uniques all can create jobs that create unity for the empire.
Democratic Also, non-gestalt empires can have factions from within the pops of their empire that will grant influence based on the faction's approval rating of your government. Regardless of what the player's ultimate plan is for a game, it is vital that they maintain a capable fleet of combat ships to be able to both attack and defend against foreign aggression. Even in the early stages of the game, the player's empire may find itself under attack from space pirates or hostile aliens; thus having a respectable military presence is of vital importance throughout the campaign. There are six types of ships in the game: Corvettes, Destroyers, Cruisers, Battleships, Titans, and Colossi from smallest to largest.
Each empire starts the game with the blueprints for Corvettes as well as a fleet of three Corvettes, along with a starbase with a Shipyard module for constructing more of them. Colossi, on the other hand, are unlocked via a special Ascension Perk and the associated Special Project. The Ship Designer menu F10 by default allows players to custom build each classification of ships using techs they have unlocked over the course of the game.
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Every empire will have a "Fleet Capacity. Fleet Capacity can be improved through research, traditions, or building the appropriate fleet capacity increasing buildings on a player's starbases. In addition to military spaceships, the empire can also militarize its starbases by installing the appropriate Buildings and Modules on them as well as building Defense Platforms to defend the starbase from attacks.
A fully militarized starbase with a full complement of Defense Platforms can command enough naval power to rival even entire fleets and backing it up with a fleet of your own can create an almost unbreakable defense. For each ship design, the player must first decide on which section s to use for the ship's hull. Each section provides a number of weapon slots, used for attacking enemy ships, and utility slots, used for defensive systems and power.
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Each ship contains space for five subsystems - one each for an FTL module, combat computer, thrusters, a reactor, and sensors. Each ship runs on energy not to be confused with the resource energy credits in this context supplied to it by the ship's reactor and the reactor boosters in the auxiliary slots. Almost every module that is not armor or a reactor drains the ship's total available energy, which must be at least 0 in order for the design to be usable.
Players will often build ships with small weapons to fight smaller ships since small weapons are harder to avoid and large weapons to fight larger ships. The are three main weapon types in Stellaris and they are specialized in their own ways, with each one having its own set of strengths and weaknesses:.
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